Q: Can I require applicants to submit to a medical examination?
A: The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits employers from requesting medical evaluations until after an offer of employment has been made. After making an offer and before employment begins, employers can require employees to submit to medical exams where they are relevant to the job and required of all employees in the position. Employers cannot selectively choose whom they will ask for a medical exam at this stage in employment. Where medical exams are requested, the exams should be designed to determine the employee’s current ability to perform essential job functions. Employers should not screen for irrelevant information and should not speculate about future injury based on any information it receives about an employee’s past medical history.